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Soal selidik 1 December 24, 2011

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Kenaikan harga bahanapi, kali kedua dalam 2010 December 5, 2010

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Baru-baru ini, di antara rancak Konvensyen BN dan protes kenaikan air SAJ, rakyat sekali lagi menghadapi kenaikan harga bahanapi, yang merupakan kali kedua bagi tahun ini. Jumlah subsidi yang ditarik diharapkan dapat menyumbang kepada penjimatan sejumlah RM1.2 bilion kepada kerajaan.

Harga-harga bahanapi terkini bagi petrol RON95 ialah RM1.90/liter, gas LPG RM1.90/liter, bahanapi diesel meningkat kepada RM1.80/liter. Berhubung kenaikan harga ini, pihak PEMANDU menegaskan peningkatan ini masih lebih rendah berbanding harga di negara-negara jiran seperti Indonesia, Singapura dan Thailand. Harga gula juga dinaikkan ke RM2.10/kg.

Kenaikan sebelum ini, iaitu pada Julai 2010, adalah ketika rakyat berhadapan dengan musim perayaan.  Kali ini pula, bagi mereka yang mempunyai anak-anak yang sudah bersekolah, perancangan untuk tambang bas, persiapan persekolahan dan wang saku harian anak-anak perlu dibuat dengan sebaiknya.

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Petikan dari The Star, Saturday December 4, 2010
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New subsidy cuts to save RM1.2bil
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PUTRAJAYA: The prices of Ron95 and diesel have increased by 5sen per litre while liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and sugar will go up by 5 sen per kg and 20sen per kg respectively. Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Seri Idris Jala said that the price hikes, effective midnight yesterday, were expected to result in a total savings of RM1.18bil.

He said the savings would be channelled towards the Government Transformation Programme including improving the urban transportation network, rural basic infrastructure and roads, education and efforts to combat crime.

Idris described the increase as very minimal and said it should not hurt the people.

“I think it is fair to the rakyat. I believe people will be able to accept it,” he told a media briefing on the second wave of subsidy rationalisation here yesterday.

He said the price of Ron95, which would be raised to RM1.90 per litre from the current price of RM1.85, would still be lower compared to its retail price in Indonesia (RM2.46), Singapore (RM4.63) and Thailand (RM4.25).

Idris said the price of diesel would retail at RM1.80 per litre compared to RM2.50 in Indonesia, RM3.18 in Singapore and RM2.96 in Thailand.

LPG will retail at RM1.90 as opposed to RM2 in Indonesia, RM6.42 in Singapore and RM1.93 in Thailand.

The new price of sugar at RM2.10 compares favourably to its cost in Indonesia (RM3.50), Singapore (RM3.80) and Thailand (RM2.80).

In the first subsidy rationalisation programme on July 16, the price of Ron95 and diesel went up by 5sen per litre while sugar and LPG were raised by 25sen and 10sen respectively, resulting in total savings of RM779mil.

Harga bahanapi dan gula dinaikkan July 15, 2010

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Pagi Jumaat 16 Julai 2010, rakyat Malaysia bangun kepada harga bahanapi dan gula yang baru.

Minyak petrol RON95 menjadi RM1.85 /liter dari RM1.80/liter, petrol RON97 meningkat ke RM2.10/liter dan harganya akan dikaji setiap bulan.  Manakala bagi diesel, harganya naik ke RM1.75 dari RM1.70. Harga gas memasak atau gas LPG meningkat ke RM18.50 (tong 10kg), RM22.20 (tong 12kg) dan RM25.90 (tong 14kg).  Gula pula naik ke RM1.90/kg dari RM1.65/kg.

Peningkatan ini akan memberi kesan langsung dan tidak langsung kepada rakyat, khususnya dalam masa terdekat ini. Terutama bagi masyarakat Islam, yang akan menyambut Ramadhan dan Hari Raya Aidilfitri.  Walaubagaimanapun, kenyataan dari Jabatan Perdana Menteri memaklumkan bahawa langkah ini adalah wajar diambil dan seiring dengan hasil kajian PEMANDU yang dibentangkan kepada umum pada 27 Mei 2010 yang lalu. Di dalam pembentangan PEMANDU tersebut, Datuk Seri Idris Jala menyatakan Malaysia akan menjadi muflis pada tahun 2019, sekiranya negara tidak mengurangkan subsidi dan pinjaman. Beliau juga menyatakan hutang negara akan meningkat sehingga 100% dari GDP pada 2019, dari jumlah kini iaitu 54%, sekiranya tiada pengurangan kepada subsidi dilaksana.

Maklumat berkaitan saranan dan hasil kajian PEMANDU boleh diperoleh melalui  www.pemandu.gov.my, dan butiran penuh kenaikan harga terbaru boleh dirujuk di www.pmo.gov.my.

Salinan kenyataan dari Jabatan Perdana Menteri yang dipetik dari The Star Online adalah seperti di bawah:

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The full press statement from the Prime Minister’s office is below:

1. To help Malaysia maintain the strong growth it has achieved, the Government has implemented difficult but long-needed economic reforms that will help Malaysia become a developed and high-income nation. In this regard, the Government has begun a planned and fair reform of a subsidy regime that for too long has been ineffective in helping those who need it most and, over time, has become a barrier to Malaysia’s progress.

2. The Government has made bold economic decisions over the past two years. Two stimulus packages were introduced, promoting growth, even as the global financial crisis spread. Important sectors of our economy further liberalised were opened to new investment.

The Government cut spending by RM24 billion, by reducing waste and inefficiency. As a result, the country’s economy has been reinvigorated, with 10.1% growth in the first quarter of 2010, Malaysia’s best performance in a decade. Although there is still instability in the global economy, Malaysia is well positioned for the future – not by chance, but by the choices we have made together.

3. As set out by the Prime Minister when he announced the 10th Malaysia Plan, Malaysia’s national goals cannot be achieved by simply managing through a crisis. Malaysia’s ambition is to be a high-income nation, with opportunity for all.

4. In the New Economic Model, the Prime Minister set out plans for further investment in key strategic sectors, upgrading our infrastructure, creating additional private sector investment opportunities and realizing higher levels of GDP growth.

However, growth alone will not allow us to meet our goals. As the Government has consistently said over recent months, we must also implement subsidy reforms that will remove distortions in the marketplace and enable us to better target our resources on those most in need, and on investments that will provide lasting benefits for Malaysians.

5. With these priorities in mind, the Cabinet has decided that, effective 16 July 2010, subsidies for fuel, specifically petrol, diesel and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), as well as sugar, will be reduced as the first step of a gradual subsidy rationalisation programme.

Subsidies for RON 95 and diesel will be reduced by 5 sen per liter. LPG will be reduced by 10 sen per kilogram. RON 97 will no longer be subsidised. It will be subjected to a managed float, where the price will be determined by the automatic pricing mechanism. For sugar, the upward price adjustment will be 25 sen per kilogram. The details of these changes are now available on the PMO and PEMANDU websites, at: www.pmo.gov.my and www.pemandu.gov.my

6. These minimal changes will help Malaysia achieve a position of fiscal responsibility and put us on a path toward reducing our deficit. To meet these objectives, we have chosen to make adjustments to our subsidies. Even after these changes, the Government will still spend an estimated RM 7.82 billion on fuel and sugar subsidies in 2010. The prices of fuel and sugar in Malaysia will still be among the lowest in the region.

7. This subsidy rationalisation will, according to estimates, allow Malaysia to reduce Government expenditure by more than RM 750 million in 2010.

8. The decision to reduce subsidies for fuel and sugar is based on the fact that reducing fuel subsidies will have the greatest impact on government spending and reducing sugar subsidies will allow us to promote healthier lifestyles. The decision is also grounded on three main concerns:

a. First, these subsidies also benefit foreigners and wealthier Malaysians, who can well afford to pay unsubsidised prices. Our focus should be on helping the family sharing a motorcycle or Kancil to get to work and school, but instead our spending on subsidies has provided the same benefits to those driving imported luxury cars.

The sugar subsidy disproportionately benefits industries, not families. Businesses have been using almost twice as much subsidised sugar as Malaysian households.

b. Second, highly subsidised prices often lead to illegal smuggling of these goods. Because subsidies make these products the cheapest in the region, in 2009 alone smugglers were caught heading out of Malaysia with more than 200 metric tonnes of sugar to be sold across borders.

Also, subsidised diesel continues to go to the black market or across our borders, instead of to those we meant to assist. Law enforcement have been doing their best to prevent smuggling, with 109 sugar related arrests last year. This is the tip of the iceberg. As long as there are big price differences, smuggling will continue. And:

c. Third, unless we reduce our consumption of fuel and sugar, we face potentially serious consequences as a nation. We are quickly depleting our domestic fuel resources. It is vital that we rationalise our fuel use – as well as develop new energy technologies – as a matter of economic, energy and national security.

In this regard, we have implemented a number of policies to protect the environment. We must also reduce our sugar consumption. 40 percent of Malaysians are now either overweight or obese.

Incidents of diabetes are rising quickly. Statistics show that the percentage of Malaysians with diabetes now exceeds that in the United States. We must, as a matter of urgency, take every step available to tackle what is clearly a public health issue for our nation. Reducing sugar consumption, among our children in particular, is a step in the right direction.

9. These are among the reasons why the Government has chosen to focus on sugar and fuel subsidies. Subsidies for education and health care will continue. These are areas of importance for our economy and our society where the Government should be investing.

These include, providing support to develop skills, training the knowledge based workforce of the future and improving the well-being of the nation.

10. The Government arrived at this decision following robust consultations with the people. Thousands of Malaysians participated in the policy labs, Open Day and an unprecedented public feedback process.

As with subsidy reform, the budget, the Government Transformation Program and now the National Key Economic Areas, the Government has made a determined effort to engage the public, listen and learn, and then act in the best interest of the nation.

11. These measures are designed to have a minimal impact on individual families, but long-term benefits for the nation. The reduction in expenditure from these reforms will allow us to better use resources for families, communities and business growth.

Measures such as the 1Malaysia clinics, the 1Malaysia mobile clinics, as well as the scholarships for all 9A+ and deserving students, specifically those who have done well, but come from lower income families, are made possible by such reforms.

Similarly, by reducing expenditure on subsidies we will be able to continue strengthening such initiatives as the price standardisation project, which seeks to harmonise prices of essential goods between urban and rural areas in Sabah and Sarawak.

12. The Government has made a difficult, but bold decision. By choosing to implement these modest subsidy reforms, we have taken a crucial step in the right direction towards meeting our commitment to reduce the fiscal deficit, without overburdening the Malaysian people.

These measures are a demonstration of our fiscal responsibility. They will enhance Malaysia’s financial stability, while also protecting the Rakyat.

Prime Minister’s Office
Putrajaya
15 July 2010