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Kadar kelahiran anak di Malaysia menurun December 25, 2011

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Petikan dari Malay Mail Online.
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Published on Malay Mail Online (http://www.mmail.com.my)
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Malaysians having fewer children

By shaza
Created Friday, December 23rd
Friday, December 23rd, 2011 10:38:00

PUTRAJAYA: Malaysians are having fewer children — from an average of three children a family in 2000 to 2.2 children in 2010.

Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Yakcop, in making public the National Census Report 2010 here yesterday, said the birth rate trend had been on the decline since 2000.

He said economic reasons, women getting married late, and education and career were among the factors leading to the declining birth rate.

“If you look at the figures, an average of 2.2 children a family means we are producing replacement members of society,” he said.

“The government is not worried about this though as 67.5 per cent of Malaysians are within the productive age of between 15 and 64 years old.

“We estimate Malaysia will have its maximum population of 57 million by 2090. The reason for the decline is probably due to women having the option of choosing how many children they want to have and also technology and contraceptives to ensure they achieve their target.”

On top of that, the present marrying age for women is 26 compared to 23 in 2000, making it another contributing factor to the fall in the birth rate.

Nor Mohamed said the ethnic breakdown by the Statistics Department showed bumiputras having 2.6 children in 2010 compared with 3.5 in 2000, Chinese 1.5 (2.6 in 2000) and Indians 1.7 (2.5 in 2000).

“There were 475,816 babies born last year, compared with 549,543 in 2000,” he said.

Meanwhile, Federation of Reproductive Health Associations Malaysia (FRHAM) family planning and reproductive officer Kalpana Devi said one of the reasons for the decline was that couples were marrying at an older age.

‘Economic factors favour smaller families’

“When a couple opts for marriage at a later age, the reproductive system will be aff ected,” she said.

“Also, due to age and fertility problems caused by our present lifestyle, it might be difficult to conceive. The delay in marriage also leads to delay in conception and giving birth.

“People are also more career-oriented and education-centric. Malaysians are no longer as family-oriented as they were.

“Due to economic factors, some young families believe small families are easier to manage.

“Many young adults want to provide the best for their children and the best is not cheap.”

Asked how this declining trend would aff ect the nation in the long run, Kalpana said if it continued, it could lead to a decline in human capital.

“There is a possibility we might come to a point where the country is going to be run by an aged society in the absence of new human resources. We need a succession plan,” she said.

Chinese women enjoying longer lives

National Census Report 2010 shows they have a present average lifespan of around 79.8 years

Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Yakcop [2]

ON average, Chinese women in Malaysia have the longer lifespan compared to the other two major ethnicities in the country with a present average lifespan of around 79.8 years compared to the year 2000 when their average lifespan was around 77.6 years.

The National Census Report 2010 made public by Minister in Prime Minister’s Department Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Yakcop (pic) yesterday also pointed out that Malaysians on average are living longer compared to 10 years ago due to better healthcare.

“The average lifespan for Malaysian men in 2000 was 70 years. Now they live for an average of up to 71.9 years. Women now live up to 77 compared to 74.7 in 2000.

“Chinese women seem to live the longest with an average lifespan of 79.8 years. I think we need to find out what sort of lifestyle they lead that allow them to live to such an age. Chinese men, on the other hand, lived up to 74.4 years in 2010 compared to 72.4 years in 2000,” said Nor Mohamed.

Bumiputra men on an average lived up to 70.5 years in 2010 compared to 72.4 years in 2000 and Bumiputra women’s lifespan went up to 75.3 years last year compared to 73.3 in 2000.

The shortest lifespan amongst the three ethnicities are the Indians with their men living up to 68 years as of last year against 65.7 years in 2000. Indian women enjoy a longer lifespan going up till 76.2 years as of last year against 73.5 years in 2000.

Average [3]

Source URL: http://www.mmail.com.my/content/87896-malaysians-having-fewer-children

Links:
[1] http://www.mmail.com.my/content/84619-azril-annuar
[2] http://www.mmail.com.my/content/87894-tan-sri-nor-mohamed-yakcop
[3] http://www.mmail.com.my/content/87895-average

Soal selidik 1 December 24, 2011

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Ceramah UMUM – PAS Ganti UMNO – 2 Julai 2011 July 3, 2011

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Pada hari Sabtu 2 Julai 2011 telah berlangsung satu ceramah umum yang dianjurkan oleh PAS Kawasan Gelang Patah. Ceramah ini diadakan di Markas Tarbiyyah PAS Gelang Patah di Kg Ulu Pulai. Tetamu utama yang menjayakan majlis ceramah tersebut ialah YB Azmin Ali (Timbalan Presiden PKR), Us Razali Jamil (AJK Dewan Ulama Negeri Johor), Dato’ Chua Jui Meng (Pengerusi PKR Negeri Johor) dan Tn Hj Dzulkefly Ahmad (Timbalan Pesuruhjaya PAS Negeri Johor dan juga YDP PAS Gelang Patah).

Majlis yang dijadualkan bermula pada jam 9 malam di pentas terbuka menerima bantahan daripada pihak polis, walaupun tapak ceramah yang dipilih merupakan tapak tanah persendirian. Hasil rundingan pihak penganjur dengan pihak polis, majlis ceramah diteruskan dan penceramah dibenarkan memberi ceramah di dalam markas. Para pengunjung ke ceramah juga terpaksa mengharungi sekatan jalan yang diadakan di simpang utama masuk ke Kg Ulu Pulai. Dari awal ceramah sehingga selesai pihak polis dengan beberapa trak, van, balai bergerak dan kereta peronda mengawasi perjalanan ceramah. Tidak dinafikan ramai pengunjung membatalkan niat menghadiri ceramah ini dengan melihatkan kehadiran ramai anggota keselamatan.

Ceramah dimulai dengan ucapan alu-aluan daripada Tn Hj Dzulkefly Ahmad yang juga adalah Penyelia Pusat Aduan Rakyat Nusajaya. Beliau menyentuh berkenaan insiden bunuh diri (gantung diri sendiri) oleh seorang pelajar Melayu Muslim berumur 15 tahun yang mengalami kemurungan.

Selepas beliau berucap, YB Azmin Ali meneruskan program ceramah pada malam itu. Beberapa isu utama yang dikupas oleh beliau ialah berkenaan penarikan subsidi kepada rakyat berjumlah 15 billion (11 billion untuk bahanapi dan 4 billion untuk makanan) berbanding dengan subsidi kepada IPP (independent power provider) berjumlah 19 billion. Tegas beliau, penarikan subsidi ini menunjukkan pihak memerintah tidak meletakkan kebajikan kepada rakyat sebagai keutamaan. Beliau juga berkongsi beberapa usaha kerajaan negeri Selangor yang meletakkan kebajikan rakyat sebagai keutamaan, sebagai contoh pemberian air percuma, tabungan kewangan pendidikan untuk anak-anak Selangor dari lahir sehingga mencecah usia 18 tahun, dan juga khairat kematian. Menurut beliau lagi,dengan pengalaman yang dikutip oleh setiap pemimpin Pakatan Rakyat yang memimpin di Kedah, Perak (walaupun seketika), Selangor, Pulau Pinang dan Kelantan, beliau yakin sistem pengurusan negara akan menjadi lebih baik dan terurus serta tidak akan berlaku ketirisan seperti sekarang (laporan Pejabat Audit Negara ketirisan perbelanjaan negara adalah berjumlah 28 billion ringgit).

Dalam kesempatan majlis ini juga YB Azmin Ali melancarkan Program Takaful Kifaalah anjuran PAS Kawasan Gelang Patah yang dimodelkan dari sistem yang telah berjalan di Negeri Kelantan. Takaful Kifalaah menetapkan premium berjumlah hanya RM 13.60 setahun dengan manfaat kematian: suami/isteri RM 1,000 dan anak-anak (3 orang) RM 500. Maklumat lanjut boleh menghubungi Timbalan YDP PAS Gelang Patah, Us Salehudin Md Dahiran (0137454671).

Selepas ucapan YB Azmin Ali, Yg Bhg Us Razali Jamil Al-Hafiz meneruskan majlis pada malam tersebut dengan menekankan peri penting pendokong gerakan Islam meletakkan pegangan pergerakkan di atas asas Al-Quran dan As-Sunnah dan bukannya hanya didorong oleh mainan isu semata-mata. Beliau menyatakan musuh-musuh Islam akan memperlekehkan hukum-hukum Allah seperti permainan isu video lucah sehinggalah memperlekehkan hal berkaitan pelaksanaan solat. Sekitar jam 11.46 malam, beliau memberhentikan ucapannya untuk memberi laluan kepada Dato’ Chua Jui Meng menyampaikan ucapan. Perkara utama yang disampaikan oleh Pengerusi PKR Johor ini ialah, peri pentingnya semua penggerak dan ahli parti komponen Pakatan Rakyat memainkan peranan dan menyokong Perhimpunan Bersih 2.0 yang akan diadakan pada 9 Julai 2011 minggu hadapan. Ujar beliau, adalah suatu kesilapan apabila suatu pertubuhan bukan kerajaan yang menuntut penambahbaikkan kepada sistem pilihanraya dilabel sebagai suatu pertubuhan haram. Beliau juga kesal dengan sikap pihak lawan yang memomokkan rakyat dengan isu warna kuning, isu bersih, pengganas dan sebagainya.

Majlis tamat sekitar jam 12 tengah malam.